Medicine Of Ancient Egypt
The government of ancient Egypt existed during the period from the fifth Millennium BC and before the birth of Christ. The ancient Egyptian state are divided into the following historical periods: the archaic period (fifth-fourth Millennium BC), the Kingdom of Ancient (fourth-third Millennium BC), the Kingdom of the middle (third-second Millennium BC), New Kingdom (starting from the second Millennium BC and ending with the time of the birth of Christ).
The medicine of the great ancient States studied, mainly by archaeological excavations, in particular, the contents of tombs of the pharaohs and nobles of that time. In addition, ancient Egyptian medicine is well described and in such preserved written monuments, papyri. In modern times the first papyri were discovered by English researchers Ibercom and Smith. Under the names of these Englishmen and they went down in history.
Among the many papyri found their medicine was covered in six books. From these sources it became known that the medical care in ancient Egypt had worked in the temples, the doctors are priests, as well as civil doctors. Among the latter often met slaves. The medicine had and their God – the priest-doctor Imhotep.
In those days in Egypt were widely used to embalm the deceased nobles. Due to this, probabilistische bodies, and Egyptian doctors had certain anatomical representations of the human body. They developed the theory of medicine. In accordance with their representations in the artery was composed of Pneuma, which was entered in the heart and in the lungs in exchange with the blood. After that, the enriched blood through the vessels rippled through the human body. The ratio of blood and pneuma is dependent health or ill health of a person. In accordance with this medicine offered remedies aimed at restoring the ratio of blood and pneuma, as well as on cleansing the body from various toxins. Among such detergents are widely used diaphoretic, laxative and diuretic substances.
Was not ancient Egyptian medicine and with no surgical treatments. Due to the fact that Egypt was constantly at war with someone, had to treat a lot of fractures and other wounds. Often the teeth were bonded with a gold tie. As an analgesic used opium.
Hygienic measures are also very highly valued. Propaganda was conducted early awakening, drench with cold water, running, moderation in food. Observed the implementation and socio-medical activities: recruitment of doctors in the public service, that they not only attended the sick, and performed a sanitary inspection of the products in the markets.